RUNX proteins belong to a family of metazoan transcription factors that serve as master regulators of development. They are frequently deregulated in human cancers, indicating a prominent and, at times, paradoxical role in cancer pathogenesis.
|Muramyl dipeptide, a synthetic immunoreactive peptide, is an inducer of bone formation through induction of Runx2. Muramyl dipeptide directly enhances osteoblast differentiation by up-regulating Runx2 gene expression through MAPK pathways. Muramyl dipeptide indirectly attenuates osteoclast differentiation through a decreased RANKL/OPG ratio.
|CADD522 is a small molecule that inhibits the DNA binding of RUNX2. It negatively regulated transcription of RUNX2 target genes such as matrix metalloproteinase-13, vascular endothelial growth factor and glucose transporter-1, but upregulated RUNX2 expression by increasing RUNX2 stability. CADD522 may represent a potential antitumor drug.